REASONS WHY MUHAMMAD BIN THUGLAQ’s Rule was Criticised as “THUGLAQ PARIPALANA”

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We know that whenever there is a political debate, the opposition calls the ruling as ‘THUGLAQ PARIPALANA’ Of course, the Thuglaq dynasty was the one that expanded the Sultanate rule vast all over India. And Muhammad Bin Thuglaq who ruled from 1324-1351 was one of the main reasons. But still, we criticize him for his ruling. Here are the 4 main reasons for his failure in administration.

USING SLAVES AS GOVERNORS:

Muhammad Thuglaq was one of such rulers along with Alauddin Khilji (The one in Padmavat movie) who used SLAVES as the governors to rule the vast empire. Slaves were trustees of the administrators but not to the king. They sometimes turn rebellions which will affect the administration in the Kingdom.

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MONGOLIAN INVASION:

The main and the foremost reason for being called as failure administration. During the Sultanate rule, the Mongolians were frequently invading India with vast armies. Alauddin Khilji constructed a city called SIRI to train his armies to defend the invasion, whereas, Thuglaq cleared a part of Delhi and sent people of that part to other cities like Daulatabad.

While Alauddin Khilji wants to defend the Mongolian attack, Thuglaq which does not have much Military power as Mongolians want to attack them. So, he was in need of a huge army and war equipment.

COLLECTION OF TAXES:

As he wants to train his huge army, he collected heavy taxes from the people. While coins were used by other rulers of Delhi, Thuglaq invented paper currency which was called “TOKENS”. This can be thought of as DEMONETISATION of those days.

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So, people of his kingdom used to store the previous gold and silver coins and used to circulate these tokens, which were very cheap in quality and thus this system failed to result in the downfall of the economy.

Finally, he understood that his administration was a failure one, and so, called back the invasion against the Mongolians and recalled back to the coins system.

This shows that his system was unstable and thus we criticize this ruling as “THUGLAQ RULE” even today.